Time-lining Climate Change

By | In the News, Uncategorized, W2O Blog | No Comments
Courtesy of Time Magazine Photo: Mario Tama

Courtesy of Time Magazine
Photo: Mario Tama

 

 

One year ago today, Super Storm Sandy tore up the Eastern seaboard, flooding communities, devastating our coastline, starting new conversations around the topic of climate change and weather influenced by rising ocean temperatures. In the last year, it seems like there are more statistics and articles about climate change in every paper and magazine, some confusing and difficult to comprehend. W2O board member Laura Parker Roerden takes a look at a new, easy to understand, tool for understanding climate change :

Not too long ago I received an unusual request from a friend of mine. She was condo shopping in a seaside New England community and wanted to know if I had any inside information on which shorelines would be inundated by what dates because of rising sea levels associated with global warming. Of course, she wasn’t joking. There is a lot of talk about curbing emissions and attaining a smaller carbon footprint, but the elephant in the room is when will it be too late?  How might global warming affect me? How do I protect my home and workplace?  What exactly is at stake and when is the critical time? Should I worry now?

A group of graduate students supervised by Dr. Camilo Mora at the University of Hawaii at Manoarecently applied climate models towards creating a way of thinking about temperature increases in a way that everyone can understand. Dr. Mora’s team calculated what they called a “climate departure” year—that is, the date in the future when the coldest year would be warmer than the hottest years in the past. The results, also published in the prestigious journal Nature, suggest that after 2047 (plus or minus a five year margin of error) more than half the earth’s surface will experience an average annual temperature hotter than anything that occurred since 1860 when records began being kept. To put that in context, think back to the hottest summer you can remember and come 2047 that will now be the coolest. Individual cities differ in the timing of their climate departure: 2063 for Moscow, 2046 for Bejing, and 2031 for Mexico City, and 2047 for Washington, D.C. for example.

But what can being aggressive now about curbing carbon emissions buy us? The researchers also calculated the answer to this question for specific cities and found that curbing such carbon emissions, while not expected to stop the warming, could actually slow it down by twenty-five years or so. Using Washington, D.C. as an example, our best efforts to curb carbon emissions could push out the climate departure date from 2047 to 2071.

According to Dr. Mora, buying such time might make the difference for both human and natural communities to adjust to the coming challenges of climate change.  This is particularly important for tropical marine communities, such as the coral reef, which lives in a narrow temperature regime. More time would also mean more critical scientific data and research. So thank you, student researchers, for helping us put the challenges of climate change on a timeline.

Buying property by the ocean is the ultimate luxury but with it comes risk and responsibility. As more and more people seek out coastal land to develop, the landscape is altered and becomes more vulnerable. If you are hoping to one day have beach front property, according to this Time Magazine article, you might just be “living dangerously by the sea.”  The good news for my condo shopping friend and all of us is that there is plenty we can do right now to protect our communities for the future, by reducing our emissions that contribute to the warming of our oceans and planet.

W2O board member, Laura Parker Reorden also is Executive Director and founder of Ocean Matters.

More on Climate Change here.

 

http://science.time.com/2013/10/29/a-year-after-sandy-living-dangerously-by-the-sea/

W2O’s 100th Blog Posting

By | Uncategorized | No Comments

W2O is in its third year of educating women and families about ocean health. We have been fortunate to be able to produce sold out events, attract a wonderful membership base and through it all learn so much about the oceans from scientists and ocean friends including our renowned partner, the New England Aquarium. Blogging about what we know and have learned is our way of keeping informed and in touch with the topics we feel passionately about.  Today is a tiny milestone-this our 100th blog posting. To mark the day, I thought we should remind ourselves, and you all, of our mission:

w20_mission_graphic_reduced

Celine Cousteau “Action Begins with the Heart”

By | Events, Featured Post, In the News, Past Events, Uncategorized, W2O Blog | No Comments

 

At a W2O event last night Celine Cousteau presented “The World Beneath the Waves: Being Human in the Sea” to a packed house at the New England Aquarium. I kept toggling back and forth from this very professional speaker to the image of the person on the screen: cold, tired, exhilarated and most of the time, wet. (Many references were made to the fact that, because of her surname, she is often “thrown in the water” and not always comfortably.)  Exploring salt plains in Bolivia, copper mines in Chile, the coastline of Patagonia and what seems to be her most visited and impassioned site, the Amazon River region, Celine documents the intersection of communities and environmental issues. With powerful images of decimated, but beautiful landscapes, she reminds us that in poor rural communities, with no public resources, waste and garbage are left to make its way into lakes, streams and finally the ocean.

Photo: Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions

Photo: Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions

There are times when she is the first to explore a remote lake only to find that they are empty of life from the effects of pollution. Sitting on a hill in the midst of plastic pollution and waste, she is photographed looking out onto a magnificent ocean vista. The relationships and bonds that she has made with the people of these regions has inspired her to keep returning, filming, exploring and coming home to tell their stories.

The most dramatic moment of the night was the showing of her short film, “Scars of Freedom,” about a juvenile whale caught in 500 pounds of fishing net. In it, a film crew, which happened to be in the area and with no prior experience of rescuing marine mammals, struggle for hours to cut the net from the whale’s now infected tail.  When Celine talks about the film, you can see emotion welling up as she tells us, “Change only comes with action, and action begins with the heart.”

Linked here are the questions to Key Ocean Issues that were given to the audience at our event.

Celine with the children of GreenSchools courtesy of Robin Organ

Celine with the children of GreenSchools courtesy of Robin Organ

 

Finding the Answers to Key Ocean Issues

By | Action today, Featured Post, In the News, Sustainable Living, Uncategorized, W2O Blog | No Comments

4x6_LunchboxTag.Oct2013_PRINT

 

At the recent W2O event, featuring Celine Cousteau’s “A World Beneath the Waves: Being Human in the Sea” we asked our guests to take home this action card and to find the answers to these ten important questions about Ocean Issues.  By researching and knowing the answers to these questions, you become an ambassador for the ocean; able to speak to friends, family and your community about what they can do to protect our blue planet.

 

1.  What are the top five threats facing our oceans?

  • Overfishing
  • Loss of endangered species, and habitat
  • Pollution
  • Climate Change
  • Acidification  (read more here)

2. How does the state of the cod fishery in New England compare to that of the fishery in the northwestern U.S.?

NOAA’s “FishWatch” website provides useful information on the status of various fisheries. Which should you feed to your family? Read here about Pacific Cod and compare here with the Cod of the Northeast.

3. Why are farmed shellfish generally OK to eat?

Through its work on sustainable seafood, the New England Aquarium is a wonderful resource for your questions about farmed shellfish. Find out how shellfish species are grown and harvested, their nutritional value, how to choose them at the grocery store, and even how to cook them! Oysters! Mussels! Clams!

4. Why will climate change cause the seas to rise and how much of an increase can we expect by 2100?

To answer this question and find out what everyone should know about Climate Change, President and CEO of the New England Aquarium Bud Ris, put together a list of the best resources and latest science on this important topic. For basic information about Climate Change and its effect on all of us, he suggests this article by the Union of Concerned Scientists that has an easy to read info graphic as well as a question and answer format. For information about the Boston area, his presentation on Climate Change Sea and Sea Level Rise in Boston Oct 2013, gives us an overview of what to expect if sea levels continue to rise in our back yard.  The most authoritative source on the latest science about Climate Change comes from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In this article, you can dive deep into the issues, and, learn why its authors say “Human influence on the climate system is clear. This is evident from the increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, positive radiative forcing, observed warming and understanding of the climate system.”

5. What happens to coral reefs if the water around them gets too warm?

Find out why Coral Bleaching endangers and upsets the entire balance of coral existence, and affects the health of all ocean animals here. Check out this short video “Coral Breakup: A Tragic Love Story” to find out why species have to rely on each other to survive, and how Coral Bleaching can ruin this relationship.

6. What are the principle threats to the North Atlantic right whale?

The New England Aquarium is a global leader on whale research and partners with shipping and fishing industries to reduce two major threats to the North Atlantic right whale: entanglement in fishing gear, and collisions with large commercial ships. The endangered and majestic North Atlantic Right Whale’s  scientific name is Eubalaena Glacialis, which in Greek means”well or true” and “icy” (referring to the cold waters of the Atlantic.) Read about the whales and follow NEAq’s blog, which introduces you to some of the recent sightings off our coasts. 

7.What is wrong with shark finning and what is the legislative initiative underway in Massachusetts?

Sharks have inhabited our oceans for 400 million years, but now scientists warn that existing shark populations cannot sustain the current level of exploitation. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species estimates that 30 percent of pelagic (open ocean) sharks are threatened with extinction.  Like the slaughter of African elephants for their ivory, massive overfishing of sharks is largely driven by the market for their fins—which can be worth anywhere from 20 to 250 times the value of the meat, depending on the species.  Every year, tens of millions of sharks are killed for their fins, primarily for use in shark fin soup. H.3571, a bill introduced by Representative Jason Lewis, will ensure that Massachusetts ceases to be a part of the destructive global shark fin trade by banning the possession, trade, and sale of shark fins. Similar bans exist in Hawaii, California, Washington, Oregon, Illinois, Delaware, Maryland, New York, American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam. An exemption exists for dogfish and skate species. Click here to read more about the purposed MA bill:  MA Shark Finning Factsheet H 3571 ALL LOGO 8-13.

8. What is bycatch and what can be done to reduce it?

Bycatch happens when fisherman, dragging nets, and scraping ocean floors from trawling, catch marine animals that are not their intended catch. The unintended catch is then thrown back into the ocean, usually stressed and dying. Thousands of sea turtles, seabirds and marine mammals die as a result of becoming bycatch victims. The New England Aquarium leads a consortium on bycatch problems and solutions.

9. What is causing the plastic gyre in the middle of the Pacific?

Plastic Gyres are in the news. But how can you separate myth from fact?  Check out this information and video and learn the truth about plastic pollution.

10. What are the most important things we can do to help solve the problems facing our oceans individually and as a community?

What people eat, and how they move around, have some of the biggest impacts on two of the ocean’s most important problems: overfishing and climate change.  Influencing change often comes from small group discussion with peers. Community level action focused on seafood markets and transportation options that reduce carbon emissions are so important. Getting an entire community or company involved will have a much bigger impact than anything you can do on your own.

  • Talk to your friends and community groups about what fish they eat, and encourage them to speak to ask questions about where the seafood is sourced at restaurants and supermarkets.
  • Promote low-carbon transportation alternatives (e.g. high-speed rail, expanded mass transit, car sharing, bike sharing, installing bike lanes) and encourage the purchasing and use of fuel-efficient cars and trucks.
  • Include ocean conservation organizations as part of your annual giving.

For seafood ideas see:

http://www.neaq.org/conservation_and_research/projects/fisheries_bycatch_aquaculture/sustainable_fisheries/celebrate_seafood/ocean-friendly_seafood/index.php

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2013/10/08/230494959/fish-for-dinner-here-are-a-few-tips-for-sea-life-lovers?utm_content=socialflow&utm_campaign=nprfacebook&utm_source=npr&utm_medium=facebook

For tips on low-carbon transportation, see:

http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/what_you_can_do/practical-steps-for-low-carbon-living.html

 

 

 

 

 

W2O and NEAq hosts Celine Cousteau on October 22nd

By | Events, Featured Post, In the News, Sustainable Living, W2O Blog | No Comments

 

Photo-Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions

Photo-Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions

Photo: Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions

Photo: Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions

Tickets are going fast for the Celine Cousteau event “The World Beneath the Waves: Being Human in the Sea” on October 22nd.  Here are some wonderful photos by Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions, to entice you and give you a preview of the wonderful images that will accompany Ms. Cousteau’s presentation about how important it is to protect the environment and especially our oceans.

Photo: Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions

Photo: Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions

Photo: Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions

Photo: Capkin van Alphen-CauseCentric Productions

Roz Savage Stopped Drifting and Started Rowing

By | Events, Featured Post, In the News, Sustainable Living, Uncategorized, W2O Blog | No Comments
Roz Savage courtesy of her website: http://www.rozsavage.com/expeditions/

Roz Savage courtesy of her website: http://www.rozsavage.com/expeditions/

 

 

Roz savage sat down and wrote two obituaries for herself. One about her then current life as a consultant and the other detailing all her hopes and dreams about what she wanted to become and what type of person folks would remember her as. She chose to change her life completely and is detailing her amazing transformation in her new book Stop Drifting, Start Rowing about her solo crossing of the Pacific Ocean...IN A ROWBOAT.  Her vantage point (pretty low in the water, vunerable and awestruck), her successes and struggles engage us in a conversation with ourselves about our own journey and our obligations to protect our blue planet and especially the health of our oceans. Pre order the book now and help Roz gain a spot on the Amazon book charts that will then be visible to the casual book browser. Help her spread awareness about ocean conservancy.

The Ocean Heals Us-Time to Return the Favor

By | In the News, Sustainable Living, Uncategorized, W2O Blog | No Comments

Ask just about anyone and they will wax lyrical about the healing properties of the ocean. Folks swear by a trip to the sea to heal everything from sore muscles to anxiety. How many period pieces of literature have we read or seen on TV that mention the trip to the seashore as a restorative outing, one that will revive you, healing you from exhaustion or a broken heart?  Times haven’t changed! At W2O we are so enamored of the ocean, its beauty and the way that it can make us feel.  So much so that earlier this year, at World Ocean Day, we asked children just that….How does the Ocean make you feel?  “Empowered,” “Safe”, “Free,” “Refreshed,” and my favorite, “like I have a lot of unique friends” are just a few of the 300 wonderful answers that we received.

I love this video from Kimi Werner, artist, Patagonia Surf Ambassador, and the 2008 National Spearfishing Champion. With spectacular images and her soothing narration she tells us how connected she is to the ocean. She explains, “I don’t really feel like it should be man and the eco system because I believe man is part of the eco system and realizing that helps me to strive to find my place in it.” It is a lovely testament from someone who makes her livelihood and fulfills her passion from her ocean work. The ocean takes care of us and Kimi reminds us that we need to return the favor: “The moment we stop taking care of nature..that is when everything is going to be lost.”

Kimi Werner by Jeff Johnson courtesy of fcdsurfboards.com

Kimi Werner by Jeff Johnson courtesy of fcdsurfboards.com

Kimi Werner photo by Wayne Levin courtesy of Huffington Post

Kimi Werner photo by Wayne Levin courtesy of Huffington Post